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Texas Hold'em


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Texas Hold'em

One should buy-in a minimum amount of chips when sitting down at the table. The minimum buy-in limit is equal to ten times the lower bet limit of the game. For example in a $10-$20 table the minimum buy-in is $100 and in the $20-$40 table, the minimum buy-in is $200.


As small round disk placed on the table is known as dealer button. After each hand, the dealer button shifts to the left. Dealer button is used to indicate where the cards are to be dealt from.

Numbers of players:
The number of players in each game should be minimum 2 and maximum 10. As soon as 2 players enter the room, the game starts within few seconds

The player left to the dealer button post the small blind and the player left to the small blind post the big blinds. It is said to be blind because player have to make a compulsory bet before seeing their pocket cards. Small blind is equal to half of the minimum bet (e.g. in a $10-$20 table, small blind is $5). The big blind is the amount of the minimum bet (e.g. in a $10-$20 table, big blind is $10).

Pocket cards or Hole cards:
After placing the big blind, each player active on the table is dealt with two personal pocket cards. With the help of both or with any one card you can make the best possible hand. (Refer to Hand Rankings)

Betting Structure

Normally the bet amounts are fixed at the table stakes. For example, in a $10-$20 stake, the minimum bet for the first two rounds of betting is $10 and $20 for the last two rounds. There are maximum 4+1 raises in each round of betting i.e. one bet, raise, re-raise, re-raise and a cap. In other words, the bet amount can climb maximum of 4 times in each round.

Community Cards/ Board

Community cards are the cards placed at the center of the table. They are divided into 3 categories.
Flop: The first three cards dealt at the table.
Turn: The card after the flop.
River: The last and final card at the table.


First Round of Betting:
The first round of betting takes place before the flop. The player immediately left to the big blind starts the action of the first round. The dealer is the last person to act.

After the flop is dealt, the second round of betting begins. The player next to the dealer button starts the action (the small blind if not folded). All the subsequent rounds of betting begin with the player left to the dealer button.


Second Round of Betting:
The second round of betting takes place before the turn. The player left to the dealer button starts the action (small blind if not folded).


After completing the second round of betting, the fourth community card known as “turn” is dealt at the center of the table.

Third Round of Betting: Third betting round begins after the turn card is dealt. The first action is taken by the player next to the dealer button.

The fifth and final card known as “river” is faced up at the center of the table. Final

Round of Betting:

After the river is dealt, the last and final round of betting begins.

After completing all the four rounds of betting, there is a showdown where all active players lay their cards in front of the table. The player with the best five-card hand wins the pot. In case of two winners, the pot is split amongst the two.
When one hand is completed, the dealer button shifts to the left and new hands are dealt to each player.

Betting System
The round of betting starts with the player left to the big blind. And all the subsequent rounds begin with the player left to the dealer button. Everyone bets according to what they think their hand will lead to.
Fold: Folding refers to throwing away your hands. In other words, if you don't like your cards, you can fold at any given time.
However, there is time restriction given (30 seconds) to each player to play their hand. If the player fails to act on their turn, it is considered to be folded and for the next hand he/she will be considered as “out.”

: Checking refers to staying in the game without any bet or raise. In short, to see a free card without any bet or raise.

: Calling is another option to stay in a game. It refers to placing the amount equivalent to your opponent's bet or raise.

Bet/ Raise/Re-raise

If you think your hand is good enough to win, you can make a bet. if another player has already made a bet, you can raise.

Side Pot and main pot is created when any one or more players goes all-in.
There are many side pots created depending on the number of players going all-in. The wages of the remaining active players (on the table) at the end of the hand is considered to be the main pot.
When a player runs out of chips during the course of a hand, he/she does not have to fold. Instead the player can choose to be All-in. When you are all-in, you call all your chips and the pot is divided into the main pot and side pot. All subsequent chips are hereafter added to the main pot. At the showdown if the "All-in" player does not have a winning hand, both the side pot and the main pot go to the winning hand, as usual. At the showdown if the "All-in" player has a winning hand, the side pot goes to the "All-in" player, and the main pot goes to the next best hand. When several players go All-in, multiple side pots are created. The pots are divided according to hand and order in which the players went All-in. If a player not all in at the showdown has the winning hand he wins all side pots and the main pot. If an all in player has the strongest hand he/she wins the pot or pots that were collected until he/she went All-in. Any all in player with a winning poker hand can only win the pot or pots they are involved in.

Limit, Pot Limit and No Limit
The rules of Texas hold'em remain the same for limit, no limit and pot limit poker games, with a few exceptions:

Limit Texas Hold'em
In Limit Texas Hold'em a maximum of four bets is allowed per player during any betting round. This includes a (1) bet, (2) raise, (3) re-raise, and (4) cap (final raise), but in No Limit Texas Hold'em and Pot Limit Texas Hold'em there is no limit to the number of raises that a player can make.

Pot Limit Texas Hold'em

Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player to act bets $5 then the second player must raise a minimum of $5 (total bet of $10).

Maximum raise: The size of the pot, which is defined as the total of the active pot plus all bets on the table plus the amount the active player must first call before raising.


No Limit Texas Hold'em

Minimum eligible raise: The minimum raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. For example, if the player to act bets $50 and the second player to act must raise a minimum of $50 (total bet $100).
Maximum eligible raise: The size of your stack.

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